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4: Object properties are relevant to understanding relations

Rather than directly associating full-blown objects, relation units in Playpen associate the features of two objects. Thus relations in Playpen can ``look into'' their component objects in a way that is not possible in approaches where the components of relations are essentially symbolic, labels representing already categorized objects.[*] In the learning of the SUPPORT relation, for example, the shape and even the color of the supported object is potentially relevant to the relational associations that develop in Playpen, but this is independent of how the supported object is categorized by the system, that is, what word unit it turns on.

However, because relational categories involve correlations of all sorts, the categories of the component objects may also be relevant. If the objects in a spatial relation instance are categorized by the network (that is, they activate category label units), these categories may play a role in the particular relation units that are activated, just as primitive object features are.

Michael Gasser